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Traditional Endnotes or Footnotes
MLA Parenthetical System | APA Parenthetical System
Numbered-Note System | Electronic Sources
Different disciplines use their own systems to set out information about sources, but learning one or two of them should serve for most of your studies. These samples of the four main systems show the items of information that different disciplines consider important, as well as the different details of punctuation and indentation they use.
For more thorough advice, see the manuals mentioned with each system or look at general handbooks such as Hacker, Canadian Writer's Reference (PE 1408 H33) or Northey and Procter, Writer's Choice: A Portable Guide for Canadian Students (LB 2369 N677 1998).
(NOTE: The appearance of the examples may be altered by your browser. If in doubt about matters such as spacing or indentation, check the reference works mentioned.) Please note also that many of the examples cited are fictional.
Standard Documentation Formats - 参考文献格式的一些介绍